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Inflammatory and Ischemic Post Liver Transplant Complications Mimic Malignancy on 18F-FDG PET/CT


  • William Makis
  • Anthony Ciarallo
  • Stephan Probst

Received Date: 31.12.2016 Accepted Date: 15.10.2017 Mol Imaging Radionucl Ther 2018;27(1):37-40

A 65-year-old male patient with a one year history of liver transplantation was referred for an 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) to rule out post transplant lymphoproliferative disease. Multiple foci of intense abnormal 18F-FDG uptake were seen in the transplanted liver which were concerning for malignancy. Explantation of the liver approximately 1 month following the PET/CT revealed multiple inflammatory and ischemic changes including large bile duct necrosis, acute cholangitis, bile duct obstruction changes and periportal fibrosis, with no evidence of malignancy. We present the 18F-FDG PET/CT image findings of this case.

Keywords: Liver transplant,complications,pitfall,artifact,18F-fluorodeoxyglucose,positron emission tomography


Informed Consent: All subjects in the study gave written informed consent or the institutional review board waived the need to obtain informed consent.

Peer-review: Externally peer-reviewed.

Authorship Contributions

Surgical and Medical Practices: W.M., A.C., S.P., Concept: W.M., Design: W.M., Data Collection or Processing: W.M., A.C., S.P., Analysis or Interpretation: W.M., A.C., S.P., Literature Search: W.M., A.C., S.P., Writing: W.M.

Conflict of Interest: No conflict of interest was declared by the authors.

Financial Disclosure: The authors declared that this study received no financial support.

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